9 simple ways seniors can prevent falls
For senior citizens, falling is a big no-no. A small slip could lead to a hip fracture or even a head injury. Moreover, once a senior falls, the fear of falling again lingers, and can restrict meaningful physical activity. The best alternative is to acknowledge that as a person ages the likelihood of falling increases. With this awareness, you can take certain steps to prevent or decrease the incidence of falls. For instance, grab bars in the washroom and non-slip flooring can go a long way in decreasing falls. However, a senior can fall even in an ordinary setting and so, making small changes to everyday routines can be a big help. Here are 9 simple ways seniors can prevent falls.
Review the side effects of medication
Blood pressure pills, for instance, can make one dizzy and the side-effects of over-the-counter medications can cause tiredness. So, medication administration is key, and a senior along with family members should evaluate the total effect of their medication with their doctor.
Avoid staircases, if possible
Staircases present hazards, both when going up and down and so, it's ideal to live on one level. Then again, if the senior citizen is opting for an assisted living facility, shifting to a community like Kshetra in Hyderabad can be a good idea thanks to the elevator access provided.
Use the right footwear and walking aids
Canes and 4-wheeled walkers are tried-and-tested assistive devices that help maintain balance. Likewise, non-skid and rubber-soled footwear that is comfortable reduces the risk of slipping.
Fit grab bars in key locations
Grab bars in bathrooms and near the shower area are timely aids as seniors tend to slip when the floor is wet. Likewise, if the staircase does not have a handrail, install one to help seniors navigate stairs better.
Tidy up living spaces
Doormats or throw rugs, especially those that are old, increase the risk of slipping. It is better to do away with these. Likewise, misplaced bags, newspapers and other items at home can cause seniors to trip and fall.
Have sufficient lighting and do an eye check-up
The chances of falling increase when pathways are not clearly seen. Two common reasons are insufficient lighting and using the wrong spectacle lens. Bright LED bulbs and night-lamps can fix the former and an eye check-up the latter.
Exercise often, with precaution
Physical activity is crucial to keeping seniors’ muscles strong and joints flexible. Regular exercise could also slow down bone loss. However, venturing outdoors without assistance can be hazardous and so, it’s best to plan a feasible exercise program.
Sleep well and sit up slowly
Sufficient sleep means that the body is less sleepy later on. Likewise, if a senior citizen stands up too quickly, the blood pressure drop can cause a wobbly sensation. So, simple precautions can go a long way in preventing falls.
Eat well and maintain a healthy diet
Water beats dehydration, which keeps dizziness at bay, and foods with Vitamin D are good for muscles. Moreover, a well-balanced diet improves heart and brain health, keeping the elderly on their feet longer and reducing the need for drugs that could induce sleepiness.
These 9 simple tips are ways in which, you, a caregiver can help the elderly at home. Our ISO-certified assisted living facility, Kshetra, also employs these techniques. Moreover, the senior residents here enjoy the help of trained non-medical staff and caregivers that assist them with daily tasks such as bathing, dressing, grooming, and toileting. The residents also benefit from nutrient-rich vegetarian meals and periodic wellness assessments by doctors. So, if your loved ones ever need the service of a senior care facility, without compromising on the ambience of home, know that they can step into Kshetra with surety!